The Bristol F.2a Fighter was designed by Frank Barnwell around the Rolls-Royce Falcon I engine which produced 190 hp.
The F.2A was designed as a compact 2 seat fighter and it first flew on the 9th of September 1916. It was armed with a synchronised 0.303" Vickers machine gun to shoot through the propeller and a0.303" Lewis gun on a Scarff ring in the observers rear cockpit.
Due to an extremely short supply of Rolls Royce engines at the time, the introduction of the F.2A was halted after only 52 aircraft as attempts to find a suitable replacment engine failed.
The Bristol F.2B first flew on the 25th of October 1916 again powered by the Rolls Royce Falcon I. After around 150 were produced the engine was changed to the Falcon III producing 275 hp and could reach a maximum speed of 125 mph.
The F.2B, known as the 'Bristol Fighter', was flown by the Royal Flying Corps as a fighter and reconnaissance aircraft. It was able to take on single enemy fighters sucessfully often havin a second 0.303" Lewis machine gun added to the rear cockpit.
The Bristol F.2B proved to be a solid, agile design and despite its early problems it remained in service until the 1930's and surplus aircraft were poular as civil aircraft.
|Specifications (F.2B): -|
|Crew:||2 in tandem|
|Length:||25ft 10in (7.87m)|
|Wingspan:||39ft 3in (11.96m)|
|Height:||9ft 9in (2.97m)|
|Empty Weight:||1,930lb (875kg)|
|Max. Weight:||2,848lb (1292kg)|
|Engine:||Rolls Royce Falcon III engine producing 275 hp.|
|Max. Speed:||125mph (202km/h)|
|Range:||369 miles (593km)|
|Machine Guns:||1 x 0.303" Vickers|
|Observer||1 or 2 x 0.303" Lewis|
Fitted with a Rolls Royce Falcon I engine producing 190 hp.
Fitted with a Rolls Royce Falcon III engine producing 275 hp.
A two-seat army co-operation biplane, fitted with desert equipment and a tropical cooling system, which first flew in December 1919.
Proposed version adapted for either a Salmson engine producing 200 hp, a ABC Dragonfly ehngine producing 300 hp or a Bentley B.R.2 engine producing 230 hp.
Type 96 Mk.III & Type 96A Mk.VI
Structurally strengthened aircraft, of which 50 were built in 1926-1927.
A modified F.2B for cilivilian use, fitted with a Siddeley Puma engine and enclosed cockpits.
'D8096' was built in 1918 but was too late to see service in WWI. It was used by No. 208 Squadron in Turkey in 1923.
Registered as 'G-AEPH', it was acquired by the Shuttleworth Collection and restored by B.A.C. again flying in 1952. After displaying for 28 years it was refrurbished between 1980 and 1982.
The Bristol F.2B Fighter 'G-AEPH' is part of the Shuttleworth Collection, based at Old Warden, where it can be seen today.